After the partition of India, Bangladesh became part of Pakistan. Bangladesh was called East Pakistan. In 1971, during the Indo-Pak war, Bangladesh got independence from Pakistan.
Agriculture is the biggest employment sector in Bangladesh. Agricultural assistance gives 16% of the gross domestic product of the country.
The main source of foreign exchange earnings in the country is the textile industry. After China, at present, Bangladesh is the second largest textile (RMG) manufacturer.
Cricket is the most popular sport in the country, however, kabaddi has a national status. This is second most popular after cricket.
Bangladesh is home to Sunderbans, the world's largest mangrove forest. the word is Bengali of "Beautiful Jungle". This is the home of the remaining endangered Royal Bengal tigers.
Cox Bazar Beach has a decent 120-km (75 miles) sand beach and is the longest in the world.
About 158 million people live in the country, making Bangladesh the 7th most populous country in the world and one of the most densely populated countries.
The oldest known city in Bangladesh is in the Mahasthangarh. The village Mahasthan consists of the remains of an ancient city called Pundravardhan or Pundravavardhanpura.
Jackfruit (kathal in Bengali) is the national fruit of Bangladesh.
Bangladesh is in flood prone areas of four major rivers: Ganga, Brahmaputra, Meghna and Wang. As a result, a very fertile and cultivated land is available for agriculture. But, as well, the place suffers from heavy monsoon, which eventually causes floods in the country.
Bangladesh was the victim of one of the world's worst natural disasters. In 1970 a cyclone hit the country. 300,000 to 500,000 people were killed in it.
The Ganga-Brahmaputra delta or the Ganga delta or Sunderban Delta is the world's largest delta. It is one of the most fertile areas in the world.
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