When it comes to gluten-free baking, cookies can be a challenge. Sometimes they turn out gummy, sometimes they're too crumbly — it's not easy to get them right!
So we rounded up 12 helpful tips for baking perfect gluten-free cookies at home — from picking the right flour substitute to using xanthan gum — so you never end up with a sad gluten-free cookie again.
1.First things first, make sure to check all of your ingredients before baking with them to make sure they're actually gluten-free.
2.When picking out a gluten-free flour blend, check the ingredients to make sure it contains a binding agent...
3.Or, if you plan on making your own gluten-free flour blend, invest in a digital kitchen scale.
If you would rather DIY your own gluten-free flour blend, a kitchen scale is your best friend. When mixing different gluten-free flours together (like rice flour, coconut flour, or almond flour) accuracy is important, and by using a digital kitchen scale instead of cups, you ensure your DIY flour ratio is just right.
Get a digital kitchen scale on Amazon for $9.85 and check out a recipe for DIY gluten-free flour.
4.When mixing your cookie dough, don't worry about "overworking" the dough and beat it slightly longer than you normally would...
Standard cookie dough can develop too much gluten if overworked — but with gluten-free cookie dough, you don't need to worry about that. After adding your dry ingredients, mix the dough for a few minutes (instead of just until combined). This will help the dough develop a bit more structure and get rid of any gritty texture from unincorporated ingredients. After all, you can't develop too much gluten if there's no gluten to begin with.
5.And refrigerate the dough if it's too sticky.
Gluten-free cookie dough is stickier than standard cookie dough, but chilling it can help. This is because cold dough is less sticky, and it doesn't spread as easily, too. If you're making a gluten-free cookie recipe that you don't want to spread too much (like crinkle cookies), make sure to chill the dough before baking it.
6.Scoop your dough slightly smaller than you would regular cookies...
Gluten-free baked goods can have a crumbly texture and fall apart easier than their gluten-rich counterparts. One way to prevent them from falling apart is to simply scoop the cookies smaller. The smaller sized cookies will hold together better and have less of a chance of crumbling. So, if you're used to portioning out your cookie dough using three tablespoons of dough, try reducing it to just two.
See more: Learn how to perfectly scoop cookie dough.
7.And shape the dough into perfectly round balls before baking them to make sure they turn out nice and pretty.
8.Use nonstick baking mats or parchment paper to prevent your cookies from sticking.
That sticky dough also means they have a greater chance of sticking to the sheet tray, too. If you grease your tray, your cookies may spread too much and ooze butter on the tray — so to prevent that, use ungreased parchment paper or nonstick baking mats. This will make sure that your sticky gluten-free dough will pop right off the tray.
Get a set of two nonstick baking mats on Amazon for $8.38.
9.Try using nut flours (such as almond flour) in place of wheat flour — but not for everything.
Unlike gluten-free flour blends (which are designed to mimic wheat flour), nut flours are just ground nuts without any functional ingredients. Almond flour (not to be confused with almond meal) is great for shortbreads, sandies, or thumbprint cookies that don't need a ton of structure and are meant to be tender and crumbly. For recipes that need a bit more structure (such as chocolate chip cookies), almond flour might not be the best bet. When in doubt, research which nut flours are good for what, and remember to store them in the freezer so they don't go bad.
See more: Learn more about baking with almond flour.
10.Gluten-free cookies have a tendency to be dense, so don't be afraid of using additional leavener.
Most gluten-free cookie recipes use a bit more leavener compared to a typical cookie, and this is by design. The added lift prevents them from being dense and stodgy, an undesirable characteristic of gluten-free cookies. Most gluten-free cookie recipes will already have additional leavener in the recipe, so there's no need to adjust — but if you're venturing out and creating your own recipe, don't be afraid to add more than you typically would.
See more: Learn more about leaveners.
11.Let your cookies cool completely before trying to move them.
Because gluten-free cookies are a bit crumblier than typical cookie, they are prone to falling apart. One way to help your cookies cool without damaging them is to slide the entire sheet of parchment paper or nonstick baking mat right off the tray and onto a cooling rack. This way, you don't have to move the cookies off the mat while they are still warm and delicate.