The shortest war in history : lasted not more than 45 minutes

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Now-a-days known as the Anglo-Zanzibar war, was the shortest recorded war ever fought in the history of humanity. It was fought between the United Kingdom and Zanzibar Sultanate on 27 August 1896. The conflict lasted between 38 and 45 minutes.

The shortest war in history : lasted not more than 45 minutes
http://www.zanzibarhistory.org/Bluejackets2.jpg


After the death of Sultan Hamad on 25 August 1896, his nephew Khalid bin Bargash claimed the throne of the Zanzibar Sultanate. The British government wanted an alternative candidate, Hamud bin Muhammed, who was more favourably disposed towards them. They warned Khalid to leave the throne but Khalid resisted and made preparations against British attack.

British forces charging against the Zanzibar Sultanate during the war https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:St_George_and_Philomel.jpg#mw-jump-to-license

The attack started on 27 August, 1896. Around 2800 Zanzibaris defended the palace against heavy artillery and gun fire of the British forces. Zanzibaris had very little gunpower compared to their enemies. A bombardment, opened at 09:02, set the palace on fire and disabled the defending artillery. The flag at the Zanzibari palace was shot down and fire ceased at 09:40.

Sultan's harem after bombardment https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:AngloZanzibarWar.jpg#mw-jump-to-license

Zanzibar Sultanate suffered 500 casualties including dead and alive. On the other side only one sailor of the British forces was injured. The war marked the end of the Zanzibar Sultanate as a sovereign state and the start of a period of heavy British influence. Sultan Khalid fled to German East Africa.



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